What is Stainless Steel?
Stainless steel is an alloy metal made up of carbon, iron, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, and other elements in specified proportions. We get an alloy, Stainless Steel, when we mix all of these metals in a specified proportion. Stainless steel is an incredible material. The alloy is corrosion resistant in all situations and significantly more durable than any other metal. Furthermore, the alloy is frequently employed due to its strong resistance to all sorts of damage. Stainless steel comes in a variety of grades, each determined by the metal’s distinguishing ratios.
Because iron, the metal used to manufacture steel, occurs naturally in conjunction with other elements, it corrodes. Iron ore becomes unstable and easily recombines with oxygen after being intentionally manipulated into a pure state for the purpose of creating steel. When chromium is added to steel, chromium oxide forms as a protective surface, preventing corrosion caused by air and moisture, as is the case with conventional steel. Chromium is added in levels ranging from 10.5 to 30%, depending on the application or environment in which the steel will be utilized.
What is Stainless Steel 316?
The contents of SS 316, which belongs to both series 300 and 316, are identical with a slight exception. The chromium percentage varies from 16.5 to 18.5 percent, with 0.07 percent carbon, 10-13 percent nickel, and 2-2.5 percent molybdenum. Stainless Steel 316L Round Bar is made from austenitic stainless steel. Chrome, nickel, and molybdenum are all included in the alloy. The Ultimate Tensile Strength varies between 50000 and 70000 MPa at 20°C, whereas the Yielding Strength varies between 20000 and 20000 MPa.
Because SS 316 has more Molybdenum than 304, it is more resistant to pitting and corrosion, and it is unaffected by temperature changes. Stainless steels 304 and 316 have similar appearances, but their compositions are different.
What are Applications?
Because of its great corrosion resistance, the 316 grade is frequently utilized in plants and businesses. The Petroleum Refinery uses Stainless Steel 316 round bars to make pipes that convey crude oil to the facility for conversion. This grade is utilized for the exterior covering of boilers since it can tolerate steam, fluids, or any material. Grade 316 pipes are used in pipelines because they can tolerate water for a long time. This alloy is employed in cooling towers and in the manufacturing of steam exhausts because of its resistance to water and steam. This alloy grade is employed in power plants because it is electrically compatible.
Paper manufacture, waste treatment, pharmaceutical, and food processing equipment are just a few of the uses for stainless steel 316. Because of their resistance to culinary reactions, pipes manufactured of SS 316 round bars are also employed in the food and beverage sectors. The SS 316 grade is utilized all around the world due to its resistance and strength. The advantage of stainless steel 316 round bars is that they are simply stronger and more resistant to corrosion and other sorts of damage.
This SS 316 contains manganese, silicon, aluminium, nickel, chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, vanadium, tungsten, titanium, and niobium. These metals are added at the same time to achieve certain properties. Stainless steel 316 grade is used in heat exchangers, condensers, process engineering, control lines, medical implants, umbilicals, high-performance liquid chromatography, and semiconductors, to name a few applications. Stainless steel 316 is used in chemical processing, oil and gas, and other industries.